Several new programs are helping young scientists achieve unprecedented levels of independence in France--although revolutionary change in the "mandarin system" of powerful lab chiefs may be a long way off
Figuring out what works is vitally important to the country, say U.S. educators. Each year, hundreds of thousands of U.S. students get their only exposure to science in an intro class--and most leave without understanding how science works or with any desire to take further courses.
Ask a cross-section of scientists how they got into cancer research, and you'll hear about a dizzying variety of routes from fields as diverse as biology, pharmacology, mathematics, and medicine. And with certain attributes — an inquiring mind, self-discipline, and a dash of ambition — it seems that there's no limit to what can be achieved.
Like it or not, each of us has only 168 hours a week to spend in whatever way we see fit, and most of us apply at least one-fourth of those hours—about half of our waking hours—engaged in some type of gainful employment.
The number of women embarking on science careers has been increasing steadily during the past several decades. Although women scientists continue to be underrepresented at the faculty level, many women have established rewarding and successful careers in science—thanks in part to having had role models and mentors whose paths they could follow.