At the core of the current draft bill is the very contentious and still-debated intention to eliminate the permanent position of ricercatore, and replace it with the new and untenured aggiunto professorship.
"The National Science Foundation's (NSF's) core mission is to advance U.S. science and engineering. At the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the mandate is much broader--to improve human health--so NIH is better able to fund research overseas than NSF is. This difference is important but perhaps not as profound as it seems, because NIH also has conditions on funding overseas research, and NSF recognizes that international collaborations are crucial to advancing U.S. science and works to promote them wherever possible."
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