Science has always been a collaborative effort. International scientists have worked together to increase mankind's knowledge about the natural world. However, today's scientist has the advantage of a variety of funding resources for research and the opportunity to work with colleagues on every continent by exploiting advanced communication technologies. Next Wave's feature for October 2004 addresses some of the important issues of modern-day international research, such as immigration and support networks, innovative methods of collaboration, and international research funding.

Most scientists have known or worked with colleagues from other countries, but how many are genuinely aware of the challenges that face foreign students, postdocs, and visiting professors? This month Next Wave will present first-person accounts of those who have left their homeland to live and work elsewhere as well as descriptions of organizations that exist to help these scientists by giving them a voice, helping them establish contacts, and providing essential resources. These and other factors contribute greatly to the success of immigrating scientists.

Technology is the other piece of the international collaboration puzzle. Technologies such as the Internet and video conferencing have facilitated and enhanced international partnerships, while technologies like virtual reality and telerobotics have assisted international collaborations in other ways. The most important aspect of international research, however--and often the most difficult--is finding the money to fund a project. What resources are available for research? What are the barriers to funding international collaborations and how do scientists overcome them? In this feature Next Wave asks the experts to shine a light on obstacles to and opportunities for international research funding from governments, industry, academia, and private institutions.

Immigrating Scientists and Support Networks


Mobility Portals Open Gates to Estonia

Estonian Kristin Kraav gives insights into the research world in Estonia by discussing the development of an Estonian Mobility Portal. This portal not only opens the gates for foreign researchers to come to Estonia, but also allows Estonian researchers to go abroad.


Destination Germany? A Researcher's Mobility Tool

Next Wave's Anne Forde , who worked as a postdoc for many years in Germany, takes a look at the German version of the Researcher's Mobility Portal and provides a user's guide.


An Unexpected Detour

Haitham Idriss , a post-doctoral biomedical researcher and a UK citizen, was surprised when he was asked to register at the border under a new U.S. registration program for nonimmigrant visitors.


ERA-MORE: Networking and Mobilisation in One

The ERA-MORE project addresses obstacles to mobility or "mobstacles" for European scientists. Alie Kwint , National Contact Point for the Netherlands, has been involved in the ERA-MORE project from the beginning and gives a project overview.


Facing Life's Challenges as a Foreign Scientist

Xinyan Huang , a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Michigan, faced many obstacles on her way to becoming a scientist. She was able to succeed with hard work, perseverance, and the help of a supportive husband.


International Science Meetings

This editorial by Jane Lubchenco and Goverdhan Mehta was originally published in Science magazine (Vol. 305, 10 September 2004) and discusses the Principle of Universality in regards to attending international meetings.


Developing International Networks in Science and Technology

Kevin Mo , Vice-President of the Washington, D.C. chapter of the Chinese Association of Science and Technology (CAST), describes his involvement in international research projects and how CAST helped his professional career.

Innovative Methods of Collaboration


Collaboratories: Encouraging Remote Scientific Collaboration

Next Wave's Alan Kotok investigates "collaboratories," digital technologies which encourage and facilitate collaboration between virtual institutions and real facilities.


Deep-Sea Sojourn Explores Space Age Medicine

Next Wave's Andrew Fazekas talks to mission commander and Canadian veteran astronaut/physician Dave Williams and NASA astronaut Michael Barratt about the challenges and rewards of working on NEEMO 7 (NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operation No.7).

International Research Funding


Funding for International Science in Norway and Finland

Are you interested in obtaining funding to work in Norway or Finland? Alternatively perhaps you based there and would like to take funding out of the country or get involved in an international collaboration? Next Wave's Anne Forde highlights opportunities that are for the taking.


Funding for French Scientists to Go Abroad

Being able to do some studies or research abroad often comes down to finding hard cash to fund your international experience. Next Wave's Babette Pain takes a look at where the pots of money are in South Europe, with a focus on France.


GrantDoctor Special Edition - Funding International Collaborations

The GrantDoctor discusses the nuts and bolts of NSF and NIH funding for international research.


Acquiring Student Funding for International Research

Ariel Michelman Ribeiro , a graduate student at Boston University, provides helpful hints and funding resources for students interested in international research.


Organising the Next Generation: Young European Scientists Come Together

In recent years several networks for young European scientists have been set up. These networks are concerned with general issues such as the social status of young scientists, representation of the next generation of researchers, or establishing contacts for the future; others are specifically for young scientists in certain research areas. Next Wave Netherlands' editor Terry Vrijenhoek lists the most important networks, so young scientists can decide for themselves which ones can help them best in advancing their careers.


Show Me the Money

Next Wave's Clinton Parks asks Lisa Robey, vice president and director of university services at the Community of Science (COS) Web site, about their grant-funding and researcher-directory databases. COS allows scientists from around the world to find the funding and collaborators needed to be competitive.

Robin Arnette is editor of MiSciNet and may be reached at rarnette@aaas.org