In the course of researching and writing the articles in this feature, the Next Wave editorial team--Katie Cottingham, Emily Klotz, Lesley McKarney, Rob Metzke, Mona Mort, Mark Sincell, Crispin Taylor, and Kirstie Urquhart--collected an extensive array of links to Web sites with information about nanobiotechnology. In fact, the list of links is so long that we've divided it up into sections focusing on the science of nanobiotechnology; nanobiotech conferences; academic, industrial, and funding opportunities in Canada and the U.S.; and academic, industrial, and funding opportunities in Europe. Even so, the list of links is by no means exhaustive, so if you come across sites that you think we should add, please feel free to let us know  about them.
In this section, we've listed links to pages on which you'll find general or specific information about what's currently going on in the nanobiotech world. There's something for everyone (we hope ...), so enjoy!
The Institute of Nanotechnology  in the UK runs conferences, workshops, and summer schools. Their Web site provides updates on nanotechnology funding opportunities, information about forthcoming events, and reports on nanotechnology in different European countries.
University of Basel physicists Hans-Werner Fink and Christian Schoenenberger demonstrate  that DNA behaves like a semiconductor and is suitable for use in miniature devices.
Paul Alivisatos and Peter Schultz, of the Molecular Design Institute at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, use DNA  to direct the design of gold nanocrystals.
Caltech chemist Jacqueline Barton's work implicates the DNA base-pair stack  in electron transfer, which allows its use as a semiconductor.
Ned Seeman's Laboratory  is devoted to nanotechnological applications of DNA, with the ultimate goals to synthesize periodic matter and finally assemble a biochip computer.
The online book chapter entitled Research Programs on Nanotechnology in the World , written by Mihail Roco of the National Science Foundation, contains a brief overview of who is investing in nanotechnology in several countries.
Another Roco-authored article--this one on the future of nanotechnology--is linked to Nanodot , a Web site for news and discussions about technology.
The home away from home of Jack Tuczynski, who's article  is a part of this feature, Starlab  describes itself as "a blue-sky research laboratory with campuses in Brussels and Barcelona." It's focus: the cross-fertilization between bits, atoms, neurons, and genes.
The BioFinder project  is a hub for biologists that was initiated by German life scientists Kurt Stüber of the Max-Planck-Institut für Züchtungsforschung in Cologne and K.-F. Fischbach of the Institute for Biology III in Freiburg.
The Foresight Institute  is a nonprofit that is concerned about ethics of nanotech research and applications.
More generally, biospace.com  is a global hub for the life sciences, with news, career information and company profiles.
Similarly, Bioweb  reports on biotechnology, with a special focus on developments in Switzerland.
And LifeScience.de  is a German Webzine on bio- and genetic-technology.
You might also want to visit the Biotechnology Information Directory  section of the World Wide Web Virtual Library.
Several of the nanotechnologists that Next Wave interviewed for this feature suggested that the best way to keep up to speed in this rapidly evolving field is to attend (or at least browse the Web sites of) nanobiotech conferences. So, here are some links to recent and upcoming conferences that focus on the "bio" in nanobiotech.
This week, the National Science Foundation (NSF) convened a conference to explore collaborations in nanobiotech among academic, industrial, and government research laboratories. Background information  and a list of participants are available on the Web.
Last year's Nanobiotec  congress in Muenster was by all accounts a big success, and this year's congress (scheduled for 24 to 27 September) promises to be the same.
The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research  (CIAR) has a nanoelectronics program led by Martin Moscovits. This program is aimed at assisting Canadian researchers who are making internationally recognized contributions in fields directly relevant to novel nanoelectronic technologies, and who will benefit particularly by the networking and interactions characteristic of all CIAR programs.
Cornell Nanobiotechnology Center . An established NSF interdisciplinary center with several university partners.
University of Washington Center for Nanotechnology . Another interdisciplinary center, which brings together faculty and students from across the University of Washington campus. See their impressive list of nanotechnology links .
The Stanford Nanofabrication Facility  serves academic, industrial, and governmental researchers across the U.S. in areas ranging from of optics, biology, and chemistry, as well as traditional electronics device fabrication and process characterization.
Jack Tuszynski's Web page  at the University of Alberta includes links to pages that describe his nanobiotech research program, as well as a host of other nanobio information.
The Future Health Center  at the University of Rochester.
The MIT Media Lab , where some faculty are involved in nanobiotech research.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration  (see NASA/NCI Broad Agency Announcement Fundamental Technologies for Development of Biomolecular Sensors )
The New York Technology Development Office Solutions for Manufacturing and Technology Web site discusses the latest U.S. Government investment  in the industry.
Academic and Industrial Research and Training
Microsystems Manufacturing Association (MMA) : A new site intended to be a focal point for information on Microsystems Technology, MEMS and Nanotechnology in the UK. The site provides news and information concerning MST, job opportunities and news of courses and conferences.
The Nanoscale Physics Research Laboratory  at the University of Birmingham provides up-to-date information on a range of nanobiotechnology topics.
Interesting in pursuing your nanotech studies? An MRes in the Physical Analysis of Biological Interactions at Surfaces is available  at the University of Liverpool.
And the master's training package in nanoscale science and technology , offered by the universities of Leeds and Sheffield, includes a module on nanobiotechnology.
The Biomolecular Nanotechnology Research Group  at Bremen University focuses on environmental biotechnology. Part of the research program includes the applications of semisynthetic DNA-protein conjugates in molecular nanotechnology.
The CORDIS web service on nanotechnology  aims to be a one-stop-shop for information about European Community funding and networks in the field of nanotechnology.
R&D Network Genesensor Research Bremen  is a multidisciplinary network of experts in bioinformatics, biology, chemistry, microsystem technology, and engineering. They work on microarray-based gene sensors for analyzing nucleic acids quickly and cheaply.
IBM Zurich 
Wagniskapital für Innovationen NRW  is a consulting company for new ventures and existing small and medium companies that have developed or invented innovative products, systems, or services in North-Rhine Westphalia.
NRW "GO!" , founded in 1995, is a start-up initiative for companies in the State of North-Rhine Westphalia.
European Initiative on Nanotechnology Information Devices . Funds are available to develop information processing and storage systems that operate at the atomic or molecular scale in order to achieve superior functionality or performance.