Do you have new shutdown-related information that's relevant to NSF- or NIH-funded investigators or those seeking funding from the major agencies? Send us an email .
On Friday, 27 September, we described the likely impact  on scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) if the government entered a period of partial shutdown. That indeed came to pass the following Monday, at midnight. Here's what we've learned since then:
— Brian O'Meara (@omearabrian) October 5, 2013 
You may need to be patient because it's slow, but that should get you to most of what you need from NSF. (I've been using the Wayback Machine forever, so I'm surprised I didn't think of that earlier. Thanks Brian!)
For the duration of the funding lapse, applicants are strongly encouraged not to submit paper or electronic grant applications to NIH during the period of the lapse. Adjustments to application submission dates that occur during the funding lapse will be announced once operations resume. For any applications submitted immediately prior to or during the funding lapse, here is what will happen.
1. For electronic submissions through Grants.gov: Grants.gov will be open and can accept electronic applications. However, applications will not be processed by NIH until the eRA Systems are back on-line. NIH will ensure that all applications submitted within the two business days before or during the funding lapse will receive the full viewing window once the systems are back on-line.
2. For electronic submission of multi-project applications through NIH’s ASSIST system: The ASISST system will not be available until NIH systems are back on-line.
3. Paper Submissions: Staff will not be available to receive paper applications during a funding lapse.
The safest course is to wait to submit any application to NIH until after operations resume and a Notice in the NIH Guide concerning adjusted submission dates is posted.
What is NIH afraid will happen if applicants submit in the meantime? It's unclear, but a notice currently posted to the agency's homepage warning that "the information on this web site may not be up to date" and "the agency may not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted" suggests officials are concerned applicants might rely on out-of-date or incorrect information.